Here is a list of Greek goddesses names (with the name of the Roman goddess in brackets).
Amphitrite - goddess of the Sea
Aphrodite - the goddess of love (Venus)
Artemis - the goddess of Hunt (Diana)
Athena - the goddess of Wisdom (Minerva)
Aura - a Titaness, the personification of the morning breeze. The Roman counterpart had the same name, Aura.
Bia - the personification of force and violence
Britomartis - a Cretan goddess who used to hunt with Artemis. Some say she invented the fishing nets.
Brizo - a goddess who protected the sailors
Calliope - muse of the epic poetry
Callirrhoe - the name of several characters, one of the is an Oceanid, the others are daughters of several river-gods
Callisto - one of the nymphs of Artemis, who was transformed into a bear
Calypso - a nymph who held Odysseus on the island of Ogygia, because she wanted to make him her immortal husband
Chione - a goddess of the snow, but also the name of others characters who had a connection with snow
Chloris - the nymph of spring and flowers
Clio - one of the muses
Clymene - the name of several Oceanids and of one Nereid
Creusa - a Naiad
Cybele - the goddess of Nature
Demeter - the goddess of the earth and agriculture (Ceres)
Dia - a nymph or just another name for Hebe or Hera
Dike - the personification of Justice
Dione - a Titaness, in one version she is said to be Aphrodite's mother
Dryope - a Pleiad
There are no greek goddesses names starting with an F, because the Greeks would use "ph" for rendering the sound (well, in fact, they had a special letter, which is transliterated as "ph")
Gaia - mother Earth
Galene - the goddess of the calm seas, one of the daughters of Nereus and Doris
Graeae - three sea spirits, represented as old women who shared one eye and one teeth between them
Hamadryads - dryad nymphs who preside over different types of trees.
Harmonia - goddess of Harmony and concord. She had a beautiful necklace that brought bad luck to all those who possessed it.
Hecate/Hekate (Trivia) - goddess of magic, witch craft and crossroads. She helped Demeter look for her daughter and then she remained with Persephone as her companion.
Hemera - goddess of the daylight and of the sun.
Hera - (Juno)- the goddess of marriage and women, Zeus' wife... and a very jealous one!
For info about Hera's relationship with Zeus, click here.
Hebe (Juventas) - the goddess of youth, daughter of Zeus and Hera
Herse/Ersa - goddess of the morning dew that nourished plants, a daughter of Zeus and Selene.
Hesperides - nymphs of the evening and of the sunset light, who tended a garden in the west, where the golden apple-trees and other treasures of the gods were kept.
Hestia (Vesta) - the goddess of the hearth and architecture
Horae/Horai - goddesses of the seasons and of the natural portions of time, and, as such, they represent the right moment (in agriculture) and the right order.
Hyades - nymphs who cried so much when there brother Hyas died, that they perished. Zeus transformed them into stars - the Hyades constellation. They are thought to bring rain.
Hybris (Petulantia) - the personification or a spirit of insolence, pride and outrageous behaviour.
Hygieia - the goddess of good health and cleanliness, associated mostly with the prevention of sickness - those ancient Greeks really knew a lot!
Ida - A nymph who took care of baby Zeus.
Ino - A queen of Thebes who was turned into a sea divinity after her death (I really don't understand why, as she did a lot of evil things during her life).
Io - a nymph loved by Zeus, who turned her into a cow in order to protect her from Hera's jealousy.
Iris - goddess of the rainbow
Keres - female spirits of the violent death, daughters of Nyx.
Lachesis - one of the three Fates, the one who measured the length of the thread which represented a person's life
Lethe - as a goddess, the personification of oblivion
Leto - Titaness of motherhood
Metis - Titaness of wisdom and cunning, the first of Zeus' wives
Mnemosyne - Titaness of the memory and remembrance
Muses - the goddesses of music, song and dance, who inspired the artistic creation
Naiades - nymphs of the fresh waters
Nemesis - the goddess of vengeance
Nephele - a cloud nymph
Oceanids - the 3,000 daugthers of Oceanus and Thetys, who were nymphs of the fresh waters
Oreads - nymphs of the mountains and valleys, associated with Artemis
Orthosie - one of the Horae, a goddess of prosperity
Panacea - goddess of Healing
Pandia - goddess of the full moon, daughter of Selene
Periboea - a Naiad, mother of Penelope
Persephone - the goddess of the Underworld (Proserpina)
Pheme/Ossa - the personification of gossip and rumour (Fama)
Phoebe - Titaness of the intellect and prophecy
There was no letter Q in the Greek alphabet, so there are no Greek goddesses names that start with a Q.
Rhea - Titaness of motherhood and fertility, mother of Zeus
Thalassa - a primordial goddess of the sea and the personification of the Mediterranea Sea
Theia - Titaness of sight and of the shining light of the sky
Thetis - a Nereid, the mother of the Greek hero Achilles.
For the second part of her story, click here
Themis - Titaness of the divine law and order
Thetys - a Titaness, mother of the rivers, springs and streams
The letter W didn't exist in the Greek and Roman alphabets, because it has its origins in the Germanic languages.
And if you want to see pictures of Greek goddesses, just click here or on the button "Pictures of Gods" - in spite of the name of the button, you'll see that there are pages which contain pictures of Greek goddesses, too.