Greek Muse Calliope

The Greek muse Calliope was, along with her other eight sisters, the muses, the daughter of Zeus and of the Titaness Mnemosyne.
She was the oldest and the wisest of the muses. She was considered the muse of epic poetry and of eloquence and was often depicted as holding a writing tablet and a stylus or a scroll and with a golden crown on her head.

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Fragment de peinture mura...


Calliope was thought to be the muse who had inspired Homer to write the Illiad and the Odyssey. Some even think that she was Homer's real mother.

Her most famous son is Orpheus, whose father was the king Oeagrus of Thrace. Orpheus lived with his mother on mount Parnassus. God Apollo taught him to play the lyre and his mother taught him to make the verses (but some consider Apollo as his father).

Some say that Zeus appointed Calliope as a judge in the dispute between Persephone and Aphrodite over the handsome Adonis. Calliope decided that Adonis should spend half of the year with Aphrodite and the other half with Persephone. But the goddess of love was not satisfied with this arrangement, so she made the Thracian women kill Calliope's son, Orpheus.

Calliope is also considered the mother of Linus, another famous singer in Greek mithology.

It is also said that the muse of heroic poetry had children - the Corybantes - with her own father, Zeus, but in other versions the Corybantes took care of baby Zeus, so they can't possibly be his children.

Some pictures of the Greek muse Calliope:

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Oenocho?? ?? figures rouges...

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Calliope, Muse of Epic Po...
Giovanni Baglione

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Calliope
Eustache Le Sueur

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The Muses Terpsichore, Euterpe and Ca...
Eustache Le Sueur

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Sarcophagus of the Muses, Detail Depi...

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Calliope, Uranie et Terps...
Pierre Mignard

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Clio, Thalia, Terpsichore...

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Clio, Thalia, Terpsichore...
Hondius

And some details of the mural painting:

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Fragment de peinture mura...

The head with a crown:

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Fragment de peinture mura...

The hands holding a scroll:

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Fragment de peinture mura...



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